Studies of intelligence quotient (IQ) differences in a population seem to entail that the variance of intelligence between individuals is predominantly the effect of genetic difference. In fact, genetic variance is said to account for almost 80 per cent of the IQ variances in the population, leaving just 20 per cent of the variance to … Continue reading An Intelligent Paradox Yielding Progress.
Depression: a disease neuroscientist and author, Robert Sapolsky, calls the “bread and butter of human misery,” and what psychologist, Martin Seligman, has referred to as “the common cold of psychopathology.” Common being the operative word, as it is estimated that 5 to 20 per cent of us will suffer a major, life threatening, depression at … Continue reading Anhedonia Venom
In the 1930’s psychology was dominated by the behaviourist school of thinking. This facet of psychological thought is based on the premise that all behaviours are maintained and learnt, or rather conditioned, either through positive or negative reinforcement i.e. an elicited behaviour must be followed by a reward for it to be repeated. B.F. Skinner, … Continue reading Dopamine: A Memoir of Reward, Addiction and Online-shopping.